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How to Make Your Own Cloth Face masks in 3 Different Sizes!

2013 study by the Disaster Medicine and Public Health Department entitled Testing the Efficacy of Homemade Masks: Would They Protect in an Influenza Pandemic? revealed that homemade face masks, constructed out of household materials were still effective in reducing aerosol transmission of droplet-spread communicable diseases. The study involved 21 healthy volunteers; 12 men and 9 women aged between 20 and 44 years of age. The results indicated that all of the materials used, which included a cotton t-shirt, scarf, tea-towel, vacuum cleaner bag and pillowcase showed some capability to block the microbial aerosol challenges. The most significant factor was not the material the homemade face mask was constructed out of, instead, it was the fit of the mask itself and the underlying actions of the wearer.

Masks are not recommended for children 2 and under!

Free Downloadable Face Mask Pattern (from craft passion) in various options. Please click to download and print separately.

  • Type A: Normal face mask ( No POCKET)
  • Type B: Face mask with a POCKET for filter insert or as a surgical mask cover.
  • Type C: Add on a removable NOSE WIRE to Type A and Type B

This article is intended for both those with have little to no skills with sewing as well as our more experienced readers. It is also readily made to to complete with or without the use of a sewing machine.


Woman/Teen Man
“Jesse Mask (Best Fit)Template
W/Pocket (3/8″ seam allowance)TemplateTemplateTemplateTemplate
W/out Pocket (1/4″ seam allowance)TemplateTemplateTemplateTemplate
W/out seam allowance
(4 sizes)
Make sure printer is set to Print to Scale



  • Main Fabric (cotton), 13″ x 7″, prewash
  • Lining Fabric (cotton or flannel), 12″ x 7″, prewash
  • Bias Tape, 2″ wide 6″ long (5″ for young kids, 4″ for small kids), prewash. (Optional, as nose wire sleeve)
  • Wire, 6″ (5″ for young kids, 4″ for small kids). (Optional, as nose wire), bent the ends inward so the won’t poke through the fabric.
  • Elastic cord: for ear loops, 8″ x 2, or, for head tie, 18″ x 1, (this is an approximate length, please measure with your own elastic band to judge; as everyone’s head and sizes are different) or, shoelace/ribbon/cord/t-shirt yarn with at least 44″ length for the head tie
  • Sewing Pattern


  • Sewing essential
  • Sewing Machine or hand sew
  • Iron
  • Seamstress tracing wheel and paper
  • Pencil or soluble fabric marker


  1. Decide which type and size you want to sew, choose the correct pattern from the list, download and print out the template of the face masks separately. (https://media.rainpos.com/220/jessemask.pdf)
  2. Base on the choice of face mask you want to sew, follow the sewing instructions accordingly. Watch the sewing video attach within the instruction for Type C face mask, or as reference for other types.
  3. Add ties to the face mask, either an elastic band or head tie.
  4. Wash the face mask with warm water of at least 60 °C or 140 °F, dry it properly before wearing. Add filter insert if required.

Decide which type and size you want to sew, choose the correct pattern from the list, download and print out the template of Face Mask Pattern separately.

Don’t scale the printing and DON’T print to fit the paper either, it is in letter size paper (8.5″ x 11″) so you should have no problem printing it in 100% size. There is a 2″ scale marking for you to check if you are printing it in the right size.

Cut out the pattern of your size.

[IMPORTANT: Don’t print the pattern from the browser, the size might not correct. Please open the pdf pattern in Adobe Reader or Adobe Pro and print the actual size (100% scale) from there, DO NOT set to “print to fit paper”.]

[Without Printer]

You may trace the pattern out from your monitor. Download the templates and open them in Adobe Reader. Zoom the template till the 2″ guide measures 2″ on your ruler, set the screen to the highest brightness. Place a piece of white paper on the monitor and trace the outline with a pen or a marker.

Fold the main fabric into halve with the wrong side facing each other, pin the paper pattern onto the double-layered fabric. Cut the fabric with 1/4″ allowance, except the ear side. Cut the fabric at the ear side with 1″ seam allowance (1.5″ if you are using t-shirt yarn as the head tie).

Insert the tracing paper between the layer, trace sewing lines with tracing wheel.

Remove pins and paper pattern, get set to sew.

NOTE: If you are using templates that already have seam allowances included, you do not need to add any more seam allowance. The same applies to the lining in the next step.

Fabric Patch Video Instructions (with sewing machine)

(Tutorial starts at about 12:00)

Additional Tips for “Jesse mask”

Video 2

  • 2:29 – Elastic
  • 4:22 – Ties
  • 11:01 – Nose Pieces
  • 17:32 – Center seam questions
  • 19:45 – Template Info & Alternative Templates
  • 21:40 – How to take Measurements
  • 23:49 – Washability
  • 25:35 -Materials

Video 3

Option B Instructions (can use with one of the mask templates above)


Ignore Rumors, Urban Myths, Conspiracy Theories and Avoid People Who Spread Them


A vaccine to cure COVID-19 is available. False

There is no vaccine for the new coronavirus right now. Scientists have already beings will take many months.

You can protect yourself from COVID-19 by swallowing or gargling with bleach, taking acetic acid or steroids, or using essential oils, salt water, ethanol or other substances. False

None of these recommendations protects you from getting COVID-19, and some of these practices may be dangerous. The best ways to protect yourself from this coronavirus (and other viruses) include: Washing your hands frequently and thoroughly, using soap and hot water.  Avoid close contact with people who are sick, sneezing or coughing.  In addition, you can avoid spreading your own germs by coughing into the crook of your elbow and staying home when you are sick.

The new coronavirus was deliberately created or released by people. False

Viruses can change over time. Occasionally, a disease outbreak happens when a virus that is common in an animal such as a pig, bat or bird undergoes changes and passes to humans. This is likely how the new coronavirus came to be.

Ordering or buying products shipped from overseas will make a person sick. False

As of now the World Health Organization (WHO) says that the likelihood of becoming infected with COVID-19 from a commercial package is low since it has likely traveled over some time

Coronavirus is not in my area, so I can go out. False

You don’t know it’s not in your area. There’s been a shortage of testing in the United States, so we don’t have an accurate idea of how many people – or what areas – have truly been affected.  It may take as long as two weeks before symptoms show.

This blog post originally appeared on WebMD.com.

How to Respond to COVID-19 Deniers – Medscape – Mar 20, 2020.

Stress and Children

Children mirror behaviors they observe from adults. This is especially true of our responses to stressful situation like those caused by COVID-19. 

Common Signs of Distress in the Young

  • Excessive crying or irritation
  • Bedwetting, toileting accidents
  • Unhealthy eating 
  • Irregular sleeping patterns
  • Acting out or irritability in teens
  • Unexplained headache or body pains
  • Alcohol, tobacco or drug use


  • Speak calmly to them during this crisis
  • Provide truthful, straightforward information
  • Answer questions to the best of your ability
  • Reassure your children that you are prepared and can protect them as best you can 


Stress, Anxiety & Depression

Feeling overwhelmed

Sad or Depressed?

Thinking of harming yourself or others?

Reach Out to Someone: Call a Friend or Family Member

Or Call Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

1 (800) 827-8255 (TALK)

Text: TalkWithUs to


National Hotline: 1-800-662-4357 (HELP)

TTY: 1 800-487-4889

Contact the National Domestic Violence 


and TTY 1-800-787-3224

Signs & Symptoms of Stress & Anxiety

  • fear and anxiety about your health and the health of loved ones
  • changes in sleep
  • can’t concentrate
  • chronic health problems get worse
  • pre-existing mental health issues get worse


Take Breaks

  • from the news about the pandemic
  • from social media
  • from anything that adds to existing stress

Eat Well

Try to Exercise

Limit Alcohol

Thermometers: Taking Temperatures and Proper Sanitation

How To Clean Two Types For Safe Use 

  1. Direct contact thermometers come into direct contact with your body 
    1. Choose a brand that includes a special storage case or cap that fits over the portion of the thermometer that is placed inside the mouth or against the skin. Always keep it stored with the cap.
    2. Always clean after every single use, with hot water and soap. 
    3. The probe should be sanitized by using alcohol wipes, wiping any remaining sanitizer with clean water 
    4. Let the thermometer either air dry or wipe the surface of the thermometer completely dry with a clean disposable towel. Avoid using a dishrag or kitchen towel to dry your thermometer since cloth towels are more likely to house germs and bacteria than disposables.
  1. Instant read thermometers (or infrared thermometers) offer quick and accurate readings without having to make any direct contact with the sick person’s skin.
    1. Wipe off the surfaces of an instant-read thermometer with an alcohol wipe or a cotton ball soaked with alcohol to eliminate any chance of accidental contamination. 
    2. Wipe down after every use to remain clean and sanitized.   WikiHow, Smart Home Keeping

Taking Temperatures

  1. Do health checks every morning and every night
    1. Take your temperature and/or that of family members being cared for 
    2. In addition to fever, watch for any other symptoms of COVID-19, including cough or difficulty breathing.
    3. Keep track of temperature and any symptoms 
    4. Write family members’ temperatures and symptoms that need monitoring. 
  1. Before you Take Your Temperature
    1. Wait 30 minutes after eating, drinking, or exercising. 
    2. Wait at least 6 hours after taking medicines that can lower your temperature, like:  Acetaminophen, (also called paracetamol) , Ibuprofen, or Aspirin
  1. Turn the thermometer on by pressing the button near the screen. 
  • Hold the tip of the thermometer under your tongue until it beeps. Do not bite the thermometer. 
  1. Read your temperature on the screen. If your temperature is 100.4°F/38°C or higher, you have a fever.
  • Write the temperature down. 
  1. Clean your thermometer with soap, water and alcohol and dry it well. 

PLEASE NOTE: For infants and children younger than 4 years old, use an age-appropriate thermometer such as an ear thermometer. If you do not have one, use a regular thermometer by placing it under the child’s arm in the center of the armpit. 

For the armpit method, if the child’s temperature is 99.4°F/37.4°C or higher, they have a fever. Tell the public health worker that you are taking the child’s temperature this way. 

  1. Put the tip of the thermometer in an armpit. Make sure the armpit is dry.
  2. Close the armpit by holding the elbow against the chest. Do this until it beeps (about 10 seconds)

List of Best Cleaning Solutions for COVID-19

Soap and water 

It’s not fancy, but soap and water work. The soap removes the viral particles that have attached themselves to surfaces — whether it’s your hands, face or countertops — and suspends them in the water, so they can be washed away. 

Bleach solution 

“Bleach is very effective at killing the coronavirus, as well as virtually every other germ on the face of the planet,” said Dr. Paul Pottinger, a professor of infectious disease. 

To protect your skin, you should wear gloves when using bleach — and do not mix the bleach with anything but water. Here’s the CDC formula for making a diluted bleach solution: Use 5 tablespoons (1/3 cup) of bleach in one gallon of water or 4 teaspoons of bleach in one quart of water. Keep in mind that bleach is a harsh cleaner. So if you go this route, do a little test before you clean an entire surface with your homemade bleach solution. Be careful not to let it splash onto anything else. Bleach can also damage some paint, and over time, it can corrode metal. So be cautious if you use it, Sachleben told NBC News BETTER. 

Hydrogen peroxide 

Hydrogen peroxide is not as strong as bleach, so it’s less likely to cause damage, but it can discolor some fabrics, Sachleben said. Don’t dilute it, use it straight. Hydrogen peroxide decomposes into water and oxygen. 


Rubbing alcohol products that are at least 70 percent alcohol will kill the coronavirus with less potential for damage than bleach. When using rubbing alcohol, don’t dilute it. Consumer Reports says rubbing alcohol is safe for all surfaces, but can discolor some plastics. 

Don’t count on distilled white vinegar or vodka

Many people clean with vinegar. It’s cheap and natural. Cleaning recommendations are easy to find online, but Consumer Reports cautions: “There is no evidence that they are effective against coronavirus.” 

COVID-19 Updates: Restrictions and School Closings

Coronavirus cases have now surpassed more than 6,130 across 50 states, Puerto Rico, the US Virgin Islands and the District of Columbia. Governors and city leaders have begun implementing measures to encourage residents to stay home or skip nights out to try to diminish the spread of the virus. This comes on top of guidance the federal government released Monday asking people to avoid eating at restaurants or bars and attending events with more than 10 people for the next two weeks. Here’s where some of the most restrictive measures are being implemented across the US: 

New York, New Jersey and Connecticut 

The three states ordered a ban on gatherings of more than 50 people and agreed to close casinos, gyms and movie theaters starting Monday night, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced in a conference call.Coronavirus now in all 50 states as death toll passes 100Bars and restaurants will transition to take-out only services, he said. In New Jersey, residents are no longer able to travel between the hours of 8 p.m. to 5 a.m., New Jersey Gov. Phil Murphy announced. That guidance will be in effect for the foreseeable future, he said.”We want everybody to be home, not out,” he said.New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio also signed an executive order Monday directing all restaurants, bars and cafes to close down and only provide take-out or delivery services. All entertainment venues and gyms are closed, he said. 

Ohio closes polls hours before Tuesday’s primary

Ohio’s governor announced late Monday that the state’s polls would not be open for Tuesday’s presidential primary there — even though a judge denied Ohio’s earlier request to cancel it. Earlier, officials in Louisiana, Georgia and Kentucky said they were moving their presidential primaries to later in the year because of the spread of coronavirus. Ohio generally has been a day or two ahead of other states in announcing restrictions.

On Sunday, DeWine ordered Ohio bars and restaurants closed to in-house patrons, though they could offer takeout service. A day later, he ordered fitness centers, gyms, bowling alleys, movie theaters, recreational centers and indoor water parks to close by end of the day.

No dining out in these states

Colorado health officials issued an order Monday directing bars, restaurants, gyms, theaters and casinos to close down for the next 30 days. What is and isn’t allowed during a ‘shelter-in-place’ order“Establishments may continue to offer food and beverage using delivery service, window service, walk-up service, drive-through service, or drive-up service, and must use precautions in doing so to mitigate the potential transmission of Covid-19, including social distancing,” a statement from the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment said. Up to five members of the public are allowed on those premises at a time, to pick up food or beverage orders and they must each be 6 feet apart, the department said. A similar order was signed by Minnesota Gov. Tim Walz, who said “decisive action” was necessary to combat the spread of the virus. In Walz’s list were also amusement parks, bowling alleys, skating rinks and country clubs. Louisiana also ordered closed all bars, clubs and casinos for diners until April 13, Gov. John Bel Edwards said. Further, no visitations are allowed at nursing homes or prisons unless it’s an “end of life” or emergency basis, he said.Similarly, restaurants or bars in Michigan and Indiana will only be working via takeout.

No mass gatherings here

In New Mexico, health officials didn’t shut down establishments but ordered restaurants and bars to operate at “no greater than 50 percent of maximum occupancy and … seating capacity.”The restrictions also prohibit gatherings of 100 or more people, a statement from New Mexico Health Secretary Kathy Kunkel said Some schools closed for coronavirus in US are not going back for the rest of the academic year. Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer signed an executive order Monday banning gatherings with more than 50 people — with exceptions including health care facilities, mass transit, grocery stores and the state legislature. Similar orders were issued by the governors of Wisconsin and Nebraska. Oregon’s governor announced some of the most restrictive measures, saying she will ban events and gatherings of more than 25 people for at least four weeks. Retail stores, pharmacies and workplaces will be exempt. 

California’s Bay Area residents ordered to shelter in place

Nearly 7 million people living in Northern California, inc, are being ordered to shelter in place as of midnight Monday. Along with San Francisco, which previously announced its order, residents in Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Monterey, San Mateo, San Benito and Santa Clara counties, as well as the city of Berkeley, are required to stay home, per an order from health officers of corresponding jurisdictions. Health services, grocery stores, gas stations, banks and food delivery services will remain open. Mass transit will stay open but is to be used only for travel to and from essential services.”

Statewide school closures

 As of Monday, governors in 37 states have made the decision to shut down schools. They are:

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Montana
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin

Project Black Ankh – Houston Floods

On Monday, August 28 2017, sister Chiwoniso Luzolo, International Secretary for the International People’s Democratic Uhuru Movement and her husband, Hashim Bissalam, were in need of emergency rescue from their one  story home in Cypress, TX.

Flood waters had risen above the 12ft stilts their home sits on  and they did not have access to the roof except by using an ax to cut a hole through it (see video).

Members of the Uhuru Movement and our friends and supporters had been calling the Coast Guard, Police department, Sherriff’s office and all published numbers for rescue efforts for almost 48 hours and until Monday late afternoon had received absolutely no help!

The Harris County Sherriff’s Office told Chiwoniso that they would NOT be sending a rescue crew to save her and her husband, and when asked who she should call was coldly told to “Call Jesus.”

Concerned Africans and our allies have been hung up on and blatantly told that there would be no rescue, while it is confirmed that whites in their neighborhood were being rescued.

At one point our organization arranged to have our comrades picked up by people close by with boats, only to be turned away by the Coast Guard.

The news media is not showing  a full picture of what is going on on the ground.

Africans in need were being overlooked as the Red Cross and Coast Guard rode around searching for stranded animals.

We are clear that African people must be and are our own saviors.

AAPDEP and the Uhuru Movement are are clear that what is ultimately needed is for the African Nation to build and consolidate our own emergency response capacity and ultimately to struggle for and win African self-determination and self-government, the only way to ensure our collective future as a people.

What you can do:

  1. Donate to the All African People’s Development & Empowerment Project’s Black Ankh initiative. Initiated during the recent Ebola Crisis in Sierra Leone, West Africa, Project Black Ankh is being consolidated as the African Nation’s Emergency Response Organization. No longer do we have to be at the mercy of our oppressors or anyone else when faced with humanitarian crisis such as the flooding that is occurring in Houston or the recent mudslide that killed hundreds this month in Sierra Leone.  https://developmentforafrica.org/donate/

Please make a note that donations are for “Houston.”  ALL resources will be used to support AAPDEP & The Uhuru Movement’s effort to support the African community of Houston, Texas.

  1. If you have skills in the medical field, emergency response or other related areas, join AAPDEP and help us to expand our capacity to build Project Black Ankh as the African Nation’s Emergency Response organization.
  2. Join the International People’s Democratic Uhuru Movement, bringing the masses of African people into political life and organizing the African Nation to protect and defend our people in Houston and around the world.